TURKISH ALPHABET PDF Print E-mail
  • Turkish alphabet consists of 29 letters - 8 vowels and 21 consonants.
  • Each letter has exactly one associated sound which never changes.
  • Three letters of the English alphabet are missing in the Turkish alphabet.

(Q-q)
(W-w)
(X-x)

  • There are six additional characters not found in the English alphabet.

(Ç-ç)
(Ğ-ğ)
(I-ı)
(İ-i)
(Ö-ö)
(Ş-ş)
(Ü-ü)

 

The letters of Turkish alphabet and the sounds associated with these are in the following table...

Letter

Pronunciation

A, a

like the a in car

B, b

like the b in bet

C, c

like the g in gender

Ç, ç

like the ch in chance

D, d

like the d in debt

E, e

like the e in less

F, f

like the f in felony

G, g

like the g in game

Ğ, ğ

this is a very weak sound, not pronouncing at all will be ok

H, h

like the h in hello

I, ı

like the e in halted

İ, i

like the ee in keen

J, j

like the ge in garage

K, k

like the k in kelly

L, l

like the l in lamb

M, m

like the m in man

N, n

like the n in neighbor

O, o

like the a in ball

Ö, ö

like the u in urge

P, p

like the p in pen

R, r

like the r in rent

S, s

like the s in send

Ş, ş

like the sh in shed

T, t

like the t in tennis

U, u

like the oo in good

Ü, ü

like the u in nude

V, v

like the v in vent

Y, y

like the y in yes

Z, z

like the z in zen

 
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